Types of archaeological dating methods

She found striking resemblances between the dotted designs on the clothes of the local tribal women and on the designs on the ancient ceramics recovered from the site.

This shows how artistic sensibilities travel from one time period to the other.

A comprehensive study of a historical landscape with respect to the rise and decline of urbanism was done in the early 1950s by Bernard-Philippe Groslier in the Angkor region of Cambodia.

He uncovered numerous evidences to show that overexploitation of landscape was the main factor responsible for the decline of urban centers in the area.

Ethnoarchaeology is the science that deals with the ethnographic investigation of living communities in order to acquire knowledge of the past.

It involves the application of anthropological methods to a large extent.

Household archaeology is also helpful in studying aspects of secular art and architecture, food habits of the people, their religious beliefs, and so on.

Gender classification in the social order is an interesting aspect that can be studied by this kind of archaeological method.

These include natural changes with respect to topography, climate, soil, natural calamities such as floods, landslides, tsunamis, rivers changing their courses, and so on, and human induced changes such as agriculture, industrial and construction activities, clearing of forest areas, etc.

Interestingly, the methods in landscape archaeology are also used in order to analyze inequalities that may have prevailed in a social structure at a given period of time. Penelope Allison of the University of Leicester had been excavating the household remains at Pompeii.

The study of how landscapes and natural habitats are interlinked with human behavior and cultural changes is actually very extensive.

There are a variety of changes that landscapes may undergo over a period of time.

One can get valuable insights into ancient social structures, religious and cultural beliefs, technology, etc., by applying the principles of ethnoarchaeology.

Tags: , ,