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Strum, in turn, was defeated in 1949, the only election after 1921 in which no female candidates were elected to Parliament at all.However, Ellen Fairclough was elected to the House in a by-election the following year.On March 13, 1944, Casselman became the first woman ever to preside over the House of Commons as acting Speaker, on an occasion when speaker James Allison Glen had to briefly step away from the chair and deputy speaker Joseph-Arthur Bradette was unavailable.

She was the only woman in the House of Commons until 1935, when she was joined by Martha Black.

In the 1940 election, Macphail was defeated and Black did not stand as a candidate, but Dorise Nielsen was elected, and Cora Taylor Casselman was elected in a 1941 byelection to succeed her late husband.

Kathryn Cholette of the Green Party was the first woman ever to win the leadership of a federal political party, and Audrey Mc Laughlin of the New Democratic Party was the first woman to win the leadership of a party with seats in the House of Commons.

Canada has had one woman Prime Minister, Kim Campbell.

Three women -- Deborah Grey, Nycole Turmel, and Rona Ambrose—have served as Leader of the Opposition.

All of the women served as interim leaders of their parties during leadership campaigns; however, Grey was considered only an acting Leader of the Opposition.

The Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada nominated more women than the New Democrats in 19, although they are a minor party who have never won a seat in the House of Commons.

Between the 19 elections, the top ranking was consistently held by either the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation or the Labor-Progressive Party.

The Alberta New Democratic Party attained the distinction, in the 2015 Alberta general election, of coming the closest that a governing party caucus has ever come to attaining gender balance — the party's caucus had 25 women and 28 men, representing a caucus that was 47 per cent female.

In the 1921 election Agnes Macphail became the first woman elected to the Canadian House of Commons.

Two women, Sheila Copps and Anne Mc Lellan, have served as Deputy Prime Minister, although this is largely a ceremonial post with very little actual power.

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