dating girls in doha qatar - Carbon dating explained children

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carbon dating explained children-49

In fact, ice cores show us that there is now more carbon dioxide in the atmosphere than there has been in the last 420,000 years.

As the sixth-most abundant element in the universe, carbon forms in the belly of stars in a reaction called the triple-alpha process, according to the Swinburne Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing.

Carbon-14 has a half-life of 5,730 years, meaning that after that time, half of the carbon-14 in a sample decays away, according to the University of Arizona.

Because organisms stop taking in carbon-14 after death, scientists can use carbon-14's half-life as a sort of clock to measure how long it has been since the organism died.

Because the Earth is a dynamic place, carbon does not stay still. In the atmosphere, carbon is attached to some oxygen in a gas called carbon dioxide.

Plants use carbon dioxide and sunlight to make their own food and grow. Plants that die and are buried may turn into fossil fuels made of carbon like coal and oil over millions of years.

Carbon has four empty spaces in its outer shell, enabling it to bond to four other atoms.

(It can also bond stably to fewer atoms by forming double and triple bonds.)In other words, carbon has options.

Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon used by archaeologists to date objects and remains.

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